Various hormonal abnormalities can lead to infertility. Examples are hypothyroidism (low thyroid function), hyperprolactinemia (high male hormone levels) and luteal phase defect (low progesterone levels). Our physicians are experts in treating these and other endocrinological abnormalities.
Diagnosis & Treatment:
The reproductive endocrinologist will evaluate specific situations and perform tests in both the male and female partners to determine the cause of infertility. The physician is looking for answers to some of the following questions:
- Is the female ovulating regularly?
- Is the male producing healthy, viable sperm?
- Are the female's egg and the male's sperm able to unite and grow normally?
- Are there any obstacles to proper implantation and maintenance of the pregnancy?
Specific treatment for infertility will be determined by your physician based on:
- your age, overall health, and medical history
- extent and cause of the disorder
- your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
- expectations for the course of the disorder
Once a diagnosis is made, the specialist can work with you to determine the course of treatment. Depending on the cause of infertility, there are many options to offer an infertile couple. The types of treatments may include the following:
- Intrauterine insemination
- Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
- In vitro fertilization (IVF)
- Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT)
- Embryo cryopreservation